The Government of India governs the National Education Policy to promote education amongst Indians. The policy regulates education from elementary to college level. There have not been many changes since independence in the National education policy of India. Let’s have a quick view on them
- In 1968 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi proposed the first National Policy on Education (NPE)
This policy encouraged equal educational opportunities through mandating education for all children up to 14 years of age, specialized training of teachers. The learning of regional languages was also promulgated in the policy.
- In 1986 Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi proposed the Second NPE.
This policy further extended the vision of equal educational opportunities to everyone by giving special attention to Indian women and backward classes. This was done by increasing scholarships, incentives for needy families, recruitment of new teachers etc.
This policy promoted a child-centered approach and stated operation blackboard in a view to improving primary education.
The policy promoted the Open university system.
- In 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi proposed the third.
On 29 July 2020, a new national education policy was approved by the cabinet to restructure the system of education. The policy focuses on enhancing analysis based learning in children. The highlights of the new National Education Policy 2020 is the revision of curriculum and changing the education structure of 10+2 to 5+3+3+4 to optimize learning among students based on their cognitive development.
Since its approval, the public is having many doubts regarding the new structure, its regulation, etc. Let us review some of the most frequent doubts of people.
WHAT IS THE NEW 5+3+3+4 SYSTEM?
In the new National Education Policy the government focuses on educating the youth based on their cognitive development, so thus the new system is divided into four development stages:
|FOUNDATIONAL||3||3 to 6||Anganwadi/ Pre-school/ Balvatika|
|2||6 to 8||1 and 2|
|PREPARATORY||3||8 to 11||3 to 5|
|MIDDLE||3||11 to 14||6 to 8|
|SECONDARY||4||14 to 18||9 to 12|
HOW WILL SCHOOLS EVALUATE STUDENTS?
The evaluation is based on a combination of self-assessment by
WHAT IS THE THREE-LANGUAGE FORMULA?
It states that all students should learn three languages in their school and at least two languages among them should be native to India.
WHAT ARE THE CHANGES IN THE BOARD EXAM PATTERN?
The Board exam will be held for 10th and 12th class, but there would be more number of objective type questions, and the pattern would be redesigned, keeping in mind the holistic development of students.
A new National Assessment centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of knowledge for Holistic Development) will be formed as a standard-setting body for regulation.
HOW WOULD ONE GET ENROLLED IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTES?
A single entrance exam would be conducted by the National Testing Agency for admission into higher education institutes in the country. The students can appear for this exam after class 12.
WHAT ARE THE CHANGES IN UG COURSES?
The new National Education Policy is giving many options under the UG Course structure. These are:
- Certificate after one year
- Advanced diploma after two years
- Bachelor’s degree after three years
- Bachelor’s with research after four years
WHAT IS MULTIPLE ENTRY AND EXIT FOR UG COURSE?
If a student exits from a degree at any point of time during the course, then they are not required to start from the first year of UG course again, they have the option of getting back and starting from where they left the course.
WHAT ARE THE QUALIFICATIONS NEEDED FOR A TEACHER UNDER NEW NEP 2020?
The minimum mandatory qualification will be a four year integrated Bed degree. In addition to this, NCTE in association with NCERT will formulate a new National Curriculum Framework For Teacher Education (NCFTE), 2021.
HOW WILL THESE REFORMS BE IMPLEMENTED?
The proposed reforms in the new National Education Policy can be implemented and regulated by the center and state government by making specific rules and laws on it.