Project-based learning is a different teaching technique that promotes cooperation, independence, and creativity within and without the classrooms. It permits pupils to participate in the teaching and learning process with a lot more zeal. According to a survey done by top residential schools in India, project-based learning (PBL) is a teaching method in which students gain knowledge and expertise by studying and replying to a genuine, fascinating, and demanding issue, problem, or task over a long period. However, PBL, like any other teaching technique, has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. The meaning and features, as well as the benefits of PBL, are discussed in this article.
What is Project-based learning?
Project-based learning is an educational and learning strategy and structure in which learners construct subject understanding and skills to answer to a driving topic based on a real-world problem, demand, difficulty, or worry. Project-based learning is performed in groups and collaboratively, and it incorporates a wide range of employability parts such as critical thinking, collaboration, and innovation. It improves student choices and engagement, as well as curiosity. A collaborative partner, as well as a publicly visible product, are required for authentic PBL. It also includes a constant process of self-reflection.
PBL Assists Students in Developing Skills for Living in a Knowledge-Based, High-Tech Society
The previous methodology of passively acquiring information and repeating them devoid of reference is no longer enough to educate kids for today’s society. Learners must have both basic (reading, writing, & math) and 21st century abilities to solve very complicated situations (teamwork, problem-solving, time management, utilising high tech tools). Learners become managers and supervisors of their learning process with this mix of abilities, directed and supervised by a professional instructor.
Importance of Project-based learning
The following are the 3 most significant aspects of project-based learning activities that contribute to greater student understanding:
a) A student-centered approach
The professor’s position here is that of a co-learner who participates in the child’s development and growth by allowing them to explore. As a result, the learner will be able to exhibit their ability while working alone.
b) Multidisciplinary approach
When seen from a singular viewpoint, real-world problems might be difficult to address. Project-based learning (PBL) enables students to obtain information from a variety of academic fields, which aids in the comprehension of the fundamental problem.
c) Collaborative Setting
A collaborative environment is the final element of project-based learning. PBL is a great way to encourage cooperation and teamwork. Without a doubt, learners may find it challenging to find some common ground with cross-functional groups at first. However, one of the fantastic advantages that PBL may bring is the elimination of these discrepancies.
Benefits of Project-based learning
There are various and different benefits of employing PBL as a teaching approach. The below are some of the advantages of project-based learning.
The Advantages of Continuous Learning
When working on projects, students may encounter a slew of issues, but only regular practice and learning may help them overcome these obstacles. PBL encourages pupils to face the truth with far more confidence, much like real-life circumstances where ambiguity is unavoidable.
A person can absorb all of the information in a topic, but what he or she applies is what counts in the end. PBL empowers students to take charge of their learning, putting students on the road to becoming lifelong learners.
Adapts to a variety of learning styles
Every kid possesses a unique set of talents and abilities. As previously said, project-based learning allows students to explore while also requiring a great deal of application.
Furthermore, it gives pupils the freedom to address an issue using their learning approaches.
Evaluation of the students
Exams are a convenient means of evaluating performance, although they are not necessarily the best option. Examinations can make students assess their information, yet they would not be enough to help them retain it. PBL requires the student to not only remember material but also to use it and assess its relevance in a real-world situation.
PBL enables instructors to conduct assessments while also assisting students in their development. This results in important feedback, allowing them to improve their abilities and, most importantly, stay involved in the class.
Develop real-world abilities
Another important aspect of project-based learning is that it necessitates strong communication abilities. It enables a learner to approach an open-ended issue in a variety of ways. This method aids in the development of a variety of abilities, including critical thinking, collaboration, and problem-solving. As a result, these skills are not limited by the four walls of the classroom. Students may use them to solve difficulties in a variety of educational courses including in real-life circumstances.
Make Intrinsic Rewards a Priority
The fostering of intrinsic rewards is the final advantage of project-based learning. The benefits of project-based learning are far broader than simply receiving an A on an exam. Students gain self-esteem by addressing a real-world challenge, such as answering a puzzle, proposing a business proposal, or coming up with creative solutions.